The history of hair transplant starts back in 1800s. But the modern techniques were developed after 1930s. The first modern method is called FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) which consists of removing out a strip from the donor area and implanting the removed hair follicles back to the recipient area. After 1950s, hair transplant became a proper and accepted treatment thanks to Dermatologist Norman Orentreich’s studies.
Hair transplant is mostly preferred by men due to genetic coding which causes the hair loss. On the other hand even if women have different hormonal system, they can experience hair loss and can have hair transplant as well.
Besides, it is also possible to perform a hair transplant if the patient has a scar tissue due to an accident. In this case it turns into both aesthetical and medical treatment.
Genetics play the biggest role in hair loss; but with age, physical traumas or medical disorders hair loss can also occur. No matter what the cause is, if the patient has enough donor capacity, it is possible to perform hair transplant procedure. It can be performed not only for scalp, but also mustache, beard or any body part that hair is needed/desired.
The main aim of hair transplant is to extract a certain amount of hair from the donor area, and implant them to the recipient area – where hair is needed. Once your hair is extracted to be transplanted, it is called “graft”.
Donor area is essentially the area on the back of your head – between two ears. However, if the back of your head does not have the sufficient density & capacity, it is also possible to extract chest hair, beard etc. We always prefer extracting from the back of the head, as they are much more resistent against hair loss. It is even possible to extract arm or leg hair, but not the ideal option as they are not as strong & think as others.
There are two methods of extraction of the hair follicles. The most modern one is called FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) In this technique, follicular units are extracted individually by micromotor or manual punch devices. For more information please visit our “FUE” page.
The other extraction method is called FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) This method is rather old, and is not considered practical nowadays as it requires a strip of skin removal which creates a permanent scarring on the back of the head.
For the last few years, there have been new methods of “implantation”, however all these methods are a continuation of FUE method, as the follicles are implanted one by one.
- Percutaneous (Slit or Sapphire Blades): In order to implant the follicles, incisions (canals) need to be made with a blade. This blade can either be metal slits or sapphire blades. Click here for more information…
- DHI Method: In this method there is no pre-made incisions. Follicles are placed with an implanter pen. Click here for more information…
- Robotic Method: There are many developments for robotic hair transplantation but the most widely known is ARTAS brand devices. It is carried out under doctor’s supervision. The biggest disadvantage of this method is that it works very slow so it extracts a limited amount of grafts. It is quite pricey.
There is not such specialty as “Hair Transplant Specialists” in Turkey, neither in any other country. Many clinics claim they have these “specialists” who are not even doctors in reality. These personel are either nurses, or people that do not have any medical background. For this reason, you should know the doctor well. Even if it is a procedure that only requires local anesthesia, only a doctor can know how to handle such possible complications. On the other hand, the ambient and equipment is also very important. It should be performed in a well equipped and sterilized operation rooms.
It takes nearly 4 to 8 hours depending on the follicle amount that is transplanted. After the procedure your donor area is bandaged and you can return home or to your hotel.
The day after the procedure or two days after your bandage will be removed and a dressing will be made. Your first will be done and you will have a consultation about the instructions of how to wash your head during the first 10 days. This washing protocol can be explained shortly as follows:
You should apply the moisturizer lotion – which will be given to you – on your recipient area and wait for 45minutes to an hour. This lotion both softens the scabs and feeds the newly implanted grafts. Then you can rinse the lotion with warm water without pressure. After that it is time to apply the shampoo. This shampoo can be used for all the parts of your scalp. You should not rub, or massage the recipient area, but you should massage your donor area in order to clean it better. On your 10th wash, you should remove all the scabs from your recipient area, therefore you can start slowly rub it after your 7th was so they can gradually go. This regimen is very important, because if you have scabs for a longer time, they will block your hair roots and they will not successfully grow.
Between 1st and 3rd month, there will be a period which is called shock loss period. In this period 40%-70% of your implanted grafts will fall out, which is completely normal. On the 4th month your hair starts to grow and the density starts to come in slowly. Usually between 12th and 18th month you achieve the full result from your hair transplant procedure.